Ynys Witrin (Old Welsh) Insula Avallonis (Latin)


The Theosophy Wales

King Arthur Pages


King Arthur’s

Marriage to Guinevere


Return to Homepage




His origins and development

over centuries


From wise child with no earthly father to

Megastar of Arthurian Legend


Merlin the magician is one of the most colourful characters in the Arthurian Legend. Merlin is the creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth, who in his History of the Kings of Britain blended together the Welsh tale about a prophet named Myrddin with the story that the chronicler Nennius tells about Ambrosius who had no human father.

The modern traditional story of Merlin is that he was the illegitimate son of a monastic Royal Princess of Dyfed. The lady's father, however, King Meurig ap Maredydd ap Rhain, is not found in the traditional Royal Lineages of this kingdom and was probably a chieftain of the region bordering on Ceredigion. Merlin's father, it is said, was an angel who had visited the Royal nun and left her with child. Merlin's enemies claimed his father was really an incubus, an evil spirit that has intercourse with sleeping women.

Accounts of the 4th century then tells us that after the Roman withdrawal from Britain and Vortigen’s usurpation of the throne from the rightful heirs that the Saxons were occupying large areas of the country. Vortigern was in flight from the Saxon breakout and went to Snowdonia, in North Wales, in hopes of constructing a mountain fortress at Dinas Emrys where he might be safe. Unfortunately, the building kept collapsing and Vortigern's house wizards told him that a human sacrifice of a fatherless child would solve the problem. One small difficulty was that such children are rather hard to find. Fortunately for Vortigern's fortress, Merlin was known to have no human father and happened to be available.


Before the sacrifice could take place, Merlin used his great visionary powers and attributed the structural problem to a subterranean pool in which lived a red and a white dragon. The meaning of this, according to Merlin, was that the red dragon represented the Britons, and the white dragon, the Saxons. The dragons fought, with the white dragon having the best of it, at first, but then the red dragon drove the white one back.


The meaning was clear. Merlin prophesied that Vortigern would be slain and followed on the throne by Ambrosius Aurelianus, then Uther, then a greater leader, Arthur. It would fall to him to push the Saxons back.

True to the prophecy, Vortigern was slain and Ambrosius took the throne. Later, Merlin appears to have inherited his grandfather's little kingdom, but abandoned his lands in favour of the more mysterious life for which he has become so well known.

After 460 it is alleged that British nobles were massacred at a peace conference, as a result of Saxon trickery, Ambrosius consulted Merlin about erecting a suitable memorial to them. Merlin, along with Uther, led an expedition to Ireland to procure the stones of the Chorea Gigantum, the Giant's Ring.

Merlin, by the use of his extraordinary powers, brought the stones back to a site, just west of Amesbury, and re-erected them around the mass grave of the British nobles. We now call this place Stonehenge.

After his death, Ambrosius was succeeded by his brother, Uther, who, during his pursuit of Gorlois and his irresistable wife, Ygerna (Igraine or Eigr in some texts), back to their lands in Cornwall, was aided by Merlin. As a result of a deception made possible by Merlin's powers, Uther was transformed into the image of Gorlois. He entered their castle, managed to fool Ygraine into thinking he was her husband, had his way with her and in the course of things, conceived a child, Arthur. Poor Gorlois, not knowing what was going on, went out to meet Uther in combat, but instead, was slain by Uther's troops.

After Arthur's birth, Merlin became the young boy's tutor, while he grew up with his foster-father, Sir Ector (alias Cynyr Ceinfarfog the Fair Bearded). In the defining moment of Arthur's career, Merlin arranged for the sword-in-the-stone contest by which the lad became king. Later, the magician met the mystic Lady of the Lake at the Fountain of Barenton (in Brittany) and persuaded her to present the King with the magical sword, Excalibur. In the romances, Merlin is the creator of the Round Table, and is closely involved in aiding and directing the events of the king and kingdom of Camelot.


He is pictured by Geoffrey of Monmouth, at the end of Arthur's life, accompanying the wounded Arthur to the Isle of Avalon for the healing of his wounds. Others tell how having fallen deeply in love with the Lady of the Lake, he agreed to teach her all his mystical powers. She became so powerful that her magical skills outshone even Merlin's. Determined not to be enslaved by him, she imprisoned the old man in a glass tower, a cave or similarly suitable prison. Thus his absence from the Battle of Camlann was ultimately responsible for Arthur's demise.


Merlin is likely to be an amalgam of several well-known bards, of which Myrddin was one. The earliest mention of Myrddin is in Aneirin's The Gododdin. The other figure of this composite Merlin is probably the bard Lailoken, who is mentioned in the 12th century, Life of St. Kentigern.

In Geoffrey's book, Merlin assists Uther Pendragon and transports the stones of Stonehenge from Ireland, but there is no Arthurian connection in Geoffrey's works.

Merlin became a widely used character in the Middle Ages. Merlin is a central character in the thirteenth-century French Vulgate cycle.

Sir Thomas Malory, in the Morte d'Arthur presents Merlin as the adviser and guide to Arthur.

Tennyson makes Merlin the architect of Camelot. And Merlin features in Mark Twain. Numerous novels, poems and plays are centred around Merlin. Merlin is perhaps the most frequently portrayed Arthurian character.

Several sites associated with Merlin's birthplace, Carmarthen, the circle he constructed at Stonehenge, Merlin's Cave at Tintagel, and the wizard's well at Alderley Edge. Carmarthen, which means "Myrddin Town."

Merlin’s burial place is said to be

1 Beneath Merlin's Mound at Marlborough College in Marlborough (Wiltshire),

2 Drumelzier in Tweeddale (Scotland)

3 Bryn Myrddin (Merlin's Hill) near Carmarthen (South Wales)

Le Tombeau de Merlin (Merlin's Tomb) near Paimpont (Brittany)

Ynys Enlli (Bardsey Island) off the Lleyn Peninsula (North Wales). This site is also claimed by some to be the Isle of Avalon.


Various stories associated with Merlin are:-

1. Vortigern died and Ambrosius became king. Merlin was his advisor. After a bloody battle with many killed, Ambrosius asked Merlin how the dead should be remembered; Merlin advised that Stonehenge be built as a memorial. The stones needed were in Ireland, and it needed an invasion of Ireland by Uther, who with help from Merlin brought the stones back to build Stonehenge..

2. Merlin was responsible for Arthurs conception, making Uther appear as her husband to Igraine. The result of the union was Arthur.

3. Robert de Boron repeats Geoffrey's story of Merlin's origin and embroiders it with the creation of the Round Table and the Holy Grail story. He foresees the need for a Round Table and for Arthur. He arranges the birth of Arthur as in Geoffrey. The infant Arthur is given to Merlin for safe keeping, and the King Arthur is proclaimed when the boy Arthur pulls the sword Excalibur from an anvil set on top of a stone.

4. Merlin helps Perceval fulfill the Grail Quest.

5. In Malory Merlin is the magician at the court of Camelot, fighting off the spells of Morgan Le Fay and other witches.

6. Merlin falls under the influence of the Lady of the Lake. The result being that she puts one of his own spells on him, and he is locked away in a glass tower. Tennyson shows Merlin as a tired old man who almost seems to want to be locked away.


Was Geoffrey on Monmouth’s Merlin based on a later figure?

According to Geoffrey's Vita Merlini (The Life of Merlin) Circa 1151 CE Merlin/Myrddin was a sixth century prophet living in the North of Britain, probably Cumbria, where his career extended beyond Arthur. Merlin travelled north, after Camlann, to the court of King Gwendoleu of Caer-Guenoleu (north of the Salway) where the locals called him Lailoken (or Llallogan).

Shortly afterward, a war broke out between Merlin's Royal master and the three allies, King Riderch Hael (the Generous) of Strathclyde and Kings Peredyr & Gwrgi of Ebrauc (York). Gwendoleu was killed in the ensuing Battle of Ardderyd (Arthuret) and Merlin, sent mad with grief at the death of his nephew and four brothers, fled into the Caledonian Forest.

He lived there in a mad frenzy for over a year, becoming known as Myrddin Wylt (the Wild), before Riderch, who was his brother-in-law, found him and brought him to safety in the Strathclyde Court.

Some scholars believe there were two Merlins: Myrddin Emrys and Myrddin Wylt. The fact that Merlin apparently lived from the reign of Vortigern (c.420) to the reign of Riderch Hael (c.580) would certainly support this view.

The stretch from Vortigern to Arthur is itself unlikely and early versions of the "Vortigern at Dinas Emrys" story give the fatherless boy as Emrys Wledig (Ambrosius Aurelianus) who was living in Campus Elleti in Glywysing. Despite Myrddin Wylt's story indicating he may have had a conceptual origin in one of the wild-man-in-the-woods motifs common to the ancient folklore of the British Isles, this man's historicity is quite well established. His real name, however, may have been Lailoken.

Was this man misplaced in time, by Geoffrey of Monmouth, to become King Arthur's mentor, some memory of a similar character from Caer-Fyrddin giving rise to his new name? PC Bartrum thinks not and points out that "fundamentally there is only one Merlin/Myrddin, and some of the later legends cannot be consistently classified as appropriate to one rather than the other."

His prison and/or burial place is said to be beneath Merlin's Mound at Marlborough College in Marlborough (Wiltshire), at Drumelzier in Tweeddale (Scotland), Bryn Myrddin (Merlin's Hill) near Carmarthen (Wales), Le Tombeau de Merlin (Merlin's Tomb) near Paimpont (Brittany) and Ynys Enlli (Bardsey Island) off the Lleyn Peninsula (Wales).




Return to Homepage





King Arthur &

The Round Table


Merlin & The Tree of Life


Merlin the Magician

Born circa 400 CE ; Welsh: Myrddin;

Latin: Merlinus; English: Merlin.



The Holy Grail


The Theosophy Wales

King Arthur Pages



Pages About Wales

General pages about Wales, Welsh History

and The History of Theosophy in Wales



Theosophy links




Cardiff Theosophical Society Website





The National Wales Theosophy Website




Cardiff Blavatsky Archive

Life & Work of H P Blavatsky

A Theosophy Study Resource


Hey Look!

Theosophy in Cardiff



Theosophy in Wales

The Grand Tour



Dave’s Streetwise 

Theosophy Boards

The Theosophy Website that

Welcomes Absolute Beginners

If you run a Theosophy Group, please feel

free to use any material on this site.


The Most Basic Theosophy

 Website in the Universe

A quick overview of Theosophy 

and the Theosophical Society

If you run a Theosophy Group you 

can use this as an introductory handout.


Theosophy Cardiff’s Instant Guide

to Theosophy


Cardiff Theosophy Start-Up

A Free Intro to Theosophy


Cardiff Theosophical Archive


Blavatsky Blogger

Independent Theosophical Blog



Ernest Egerton Wood





Quick Blasts of Theosophy

One liners and quick explanations

About aspects of Theosophy


Great Theosophists

H P Blavatsky is usually the only

Theosophist that most people have ever

heard of. Let’s put that right


The Blavatsky Blogger’s

Instant Guide To

Death & The Afterlife


Blavatsky Calling

The Voice of the Silence Website


The Blavatsky Free State

An Independent Theosophical Republic

Links to Free Online Theosophy 

Study Resources; Courses, Writings, 

Commentaries, Forums, Blogs




Visit the Feelgood Lodge

The main criteria for the inclusion of

links on this site is that they have some

relationship (however tenuous) to Theosophy

and are lightweight, amusing or entertaining.

Topics include Quantum Theory and Socks,

Dick Dastardly and Legendary Blues Singers.


Theosophy and Reincarnation

A selection of articles on Reincarnation

by Theosophical writers

Provided in response to the large

number of enquiries we receive at

Cardiff Theosophical Society on this subject


Applied Theosophy

Henry Steel Olcott


Nothing answers questions

like Theosophy can!

The Key to Theosophy


Blavatsky Calling

and I Don’t Wanna Shout

The Voice of the Silence Website





The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Devachan


The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Dreams


The South of Heaven Guide

To Theosophy and Angels


Theosophy and Help From

The Universe


Wales! Wales! Theosophy Wales

The All Wales Guide to

Getting Started in Theosophy


Death & How to Get Through It

Lentil burgers, a thousand press ups before breakfast and

the daily 25 mile run may put it off for a while but death

seems to get most of us in the end. We are pleased to

present for your consideration, a definitive work on the

subject by a Student of Katherine Tingley entitled

“Man After Death”


The Akashic Records

It’s all “water under the bridge” but everything you do

makes an imprint on the Space-Time Continuum.




No Aardvarks were harmed in the

preparation of this Website




Theosophy in the UK



Within the British Isles, The Adyar Theosophical Society has Groups in;




Folkstone*Glasgow*Grimsby*Inverness*Isle of Man*Lancaster*Leeds*Leicester

Letchworth*London*Manchester*Merseyside*Middlesborough*Newcastle upon Tyne

North Devon*Northampton*Northern Ireland*Norwich*Nottingham

Perth*Republic of Ireland*Sidmouth*Southport*Sussex*Swansea*Torbay

Tunbridge Wells*Wallasey*Warrington*Wembley*Winchester*Worthing


Theosophy Starts Here


The Tooting Broadway

Underground Theosophy Website

The Spiritual Home of Urban Theosophy


The Mornington Crescent

Underground Theosophy Website

The Earth Base for Evolutionary Theosophy


Theosophy Wales Now!


Theosophy Wales History


Theosophy Cardiff Burn-Up


Theosophy Wales Burn-Up


Theosophy Wales Vanguard


Theosophy Wales Hornet


The Theosophy Cardiff Nirvana Pages


Theosophy Wales 3000


National Wales Centre for Theosophy



Blavatsky Wales Theosophy Group

Regular Blavatsky Events


National Wales Theosophy

Karma Pages


Theosophy Tekels Park

Tekels Park, Camberley, Surrey, England GU15 – 2LF

Article describing Tekels Park and its much

cherished wildlife by Theosophist and long

term Tekels Park Resident Madeleine Leslie Smith


The Theosophical Value of

Tekels Park


The Theosophy Cardiff Guide

to Roath Park / Parc Y Rhath






Teozofio Cardiff

Ĉefpaĝo En Esperanto



Theosophy Cardiff Cancels its Affiliation

to the Adyar Based Theosophical Society

and becomes an independent body within

the Worldwide Theosophical Movement


Theosophy Birmingham (England)

The Birmingham Annie Besant Lodge


Theosophy Sidmouth

Sidmouth, Devon, England


Theosophy Utah

Theosophy Cardiff has links with the

Theosophical Society in Utah




The Theosophy Cardiff

Glastonbury Pages


Chalice Well, Glastonbury.

The Theosophy Cardiff Guide to

Chalice Well, Glastonbury,

Somerset, England


The Theosophy Cardiff Guide to

Glastonbury Abbey


Theosophy Cardiff’s

Glastonbury Abbey Chronology


The Theosophy Cardiff Guide to

Glastonbury Tor


The Labyrinth

The Terraced Maze of Glastonbury Tor


Glastonbury and Joseph of Arimathea


The Grave of King Arthur & Guinevere

At Glastonbury Abbey


Views of Glastonbury High Street


The Theosophy Cardiff Guide to

Glastonbury Bookshops



Tekels Park

Camberley, Surrey, England GU15 2LF



Concerns about the fate of the wildlife as

Tekels Park is to be Sold to a Developer


Concerns are raised about the fate of the 

wildlife as The Spiritual Retreat, 

Tekels Park in Camberley, Surrey, 

England is to be sold to a developer.


Tekels Park is a 50 acre woodland park, 

purchased for the Adyar Theosophical 

Society in England in 1929.


In addition to concern about the park, 

many are worried about the future 

of the Tekels Park Deer as they 

are not a protected species.


Confusion as the Theoversity moves out of 

Tekels Park to Southampton, Glastonbury & 

Chorley in Lancashire while the leadership claim

that the Theosophical Society will carry on using 

Tekels Park despite its sale to a developer


Anyone planning a “Spiritual” stay at the

Tekels Park Guest House should be aware of the sale.



Future of Tekels Park Badgers in Doubt


Party On! Tekels Park Theosophy NOT


Tekels Park & the Loch Ness Monster

A Satirical view of the sale of Tekels Park

in Camberley, Surrey to a developer


The Toff’s Guide to the Sale of Tekels Park

What the men in top hats have to

say about the sale of Tekels Park

to a developer




An Outline of Theosophy

Charles Webster Leadbeater


Theosophy - What it is   How is it Known?


The Method of Observation   General Principles


The Three Great Truths   Advantage Gained from this Knowledge


The Deity   The Divine Scheme   The Constitution of Man


The True Man   Reincarnation   The Wider Outlook


Death   Man’s Past and Future   Cause and Effect


What Theosophy does for us





H P Blavatsky’s Heavy Duty

Theosophical Glossary

Published 1892



Complete Theosophical Glossary in Plain Text Format




Classic Introductory Theosophy Text

A Text Book of Theosophy By C W Leadbeater


What Theosophy Is  From the Absolute to Man


The Formation of a Solar System  The Evolution of Life


The Constitution of Man  After Death  Reincarnation


The Purpose of Life  The Planetary Chains


The Result of Theosophical Study


The Occult World

By Alfred Percy Sinnett


Preface to the American Edition    Introduction


Occultism and its Adepts    The Theosophical Society


First Occult Experiences   Teachings of Occult Philosophy


Later Occult Phenomena    Appendix


The Ocean of Theosophy

William Quan Judge


Preface    Theosophy and the Masters    General Principles


The Earth Chain    Body and Astral Body    Kama – Desire


Manas    Of Reincarnation    Reincarnation Continued


Karma    Kama Loka    Devachan    Cycles


Septenary Constitution Of Man


Arguments Supporting Reincarnation


Differentiation Of Species Missing Links


Psychic Laws, Forces, and Phenomena


Psychic Phenomena and Spiritualism


Instant Guide to Theosophy

Quick Explanations with Links to More Detailed Info


What is Theosophy ? Theosophy Defined (More Detail)


Three Fundamental Propositions  Key Concepts of Theosophy


Cosmogenesis  Anthropogenesis  Root Races  Karma


Ascended Masters  After Death States  Reincarnation


The Seven Principles of Man  Helena Petrovna Blavatsky


Colonel Henry Steel Olcott William Quan Judge


The Start of the Theosophical Society Theosophical Society Presidents


History of the Theosophical Society  Glossaries of Theosophical Terms


History of the Theosophical Society in Wales


The Three Objectives of the Theosophical Society


Explanation of the Theosophical Society Emblem



A Study in Karma

Annie Besant


Karma  Fundamental Principles  Laws: Natural and Man-Made  The Law of Laws


The Eternal Now  Succession  Causation The Laws of Nature  A Lesson of The Law


Karma Does Not Crush  Apply This Law  Man in The Three Worlds  Understand The Truth


Man and His Surroundings  The Three Fates  The Pair of Triplets  Thought, The Builder


Practical Meditation  Will and Desire  The Mastery of Desire  Two Other Points


The Third Thread  Perfect Justice  Our Environment  Our Kith and Kin  Our Nation


The Light for a Good Man  Knowledge of Law  The Opposing Schools


The More Modern View  Self-Examination  Out of the Past


Old Friendships  We Grow By Giving  Collective Karma  Family Karma


National Karma  India’s Karma  National Disasters



Try these if you are looking for a

local Theosophy Group or Centre



UK Listing of Theosophical Groups

Please tell us about your UK Theosophy Group


Worldwide Directory of 

Theosophical Links


International Directory of 

Theosophical Societies





Theosophy Wales


Theosophy UK